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Indian Armed Forces

 

Indian Army

References on the British Indian Army

http://theminiaturespage.com/boards/msg.mv?id=97077

"Below are a few books that deal with the Indian Army pre-mutiny. At first I was going to list only general works on the Indian Army, but others (on the Colonial Yahoo group) mentioned Sita Ram and Hervey, so I thought I would include some memoirs; and then I was undecided whether or not to include some contemporary histories, so-I have included most of the general works I have on the Indian Army, most of the memoirs and biographies I have of soldiers who served in India before the Mutiny, and some books about the wars in India pre-mutiny that were written about the time of the wars (say 18th and very early 19th centuries). I also have a number of books in pdf file of 18th and early century wars in India (mostly Tipoo Sultan) that I got through the estimable Andrew Preziosi but that I haven't yet cataloged. Anyway, here is the partial list:


Allen, Charles "Soldier Sahibs"

Anglesey, the Marquess of "Sergeant Pearman's Memoirs"
Ed.

Barat, Dr. Amiya "The Bengal Native Infantry: Its Organization and Discipline, 1796-1852"

Beaumont, Roger "Sword of the Raj: The British Army in India 1747-1947"

Bidwell, Shelford "Swords for Hire: European Mercenaries in Eighteenth Century India"

Butalia, Brig. R.C. "The Evolution of the Artillery in India From the Battle of Plassey to the Revolt of 1857"

Cambridge, Richard Owen "An Account of the War in India Between the English and French on the Coast of Coromandel, From the Year 1750 to the Year 1761"

Cardew, Lt. F.G. "Sketch of the Services of the Bengal Native Army to the Year 1895"

Grey, C. "European Adventurers of Northern India: 1785 to 1849"

Heathcote, T.A. "The Indian Army: The Garrison of British Imperial India 1822-1922"

Hervey, Capt. A. "A Soldier of the Company: Life of an Indian Ensign"

Hughes, Maj. Gen. B.P. "The Bengal Horse Artillery 1800-1861: The Red Men"

James, Lawrence "Raj: The Making and Unmaking of British India"

Lawford, James "Britain's Army in India from its Origins to the Conquest of Bengal"

Leslie, N.B. "The Battle Honours of the British and Indian Armies"

Mason, Philip "A Matter of Honour: An Account of the Indian Army, its Officers and Men"

Mollo, Boris "The Indian Army"

Orme, Robert "A History of Military Transactions of the British Nation in Indostan from the Year 1745"

Rait, Robert "The Life and Campaigns of Hugh, First Viscount Gough, Field Marshall"

Ram, Sita "From Sepoy to Subedar"

Roberts, Earl "Forty-one Years in India"

Thorn, Maj. William "Memoir of the War in India Conducted by General Lord Lake, Commander in Chief, and Major General Sir Arthur Wellesley, Duke of Wellington form its Commencement in 1803 to its termination in 1806"

Weller, Jac "Wellington in India"

Williams, Capt. John "The Bengal Native Infantry: A Historical Account from Its First Formation in 1757 to 1796, with Supplementary Notes to the Year 1814"


There are also a few available on the native Indian armies (Sikhs, Marathas, etc. that I haven't included because it seems to be outside the question that was asked. I could supply a list of those also if there is any interest.

"If the wind is not against you, it is not blowing."

Dennis

Dennis, a couple on that list to especially recommend are Hughes'The Red Men' and Shelford Bidwell's 'Swords for Hire'. The latter is a very good read on an interesting time – collapse of the Mughals, but before real assumption of control by the Brits.

John

Books I  own

1. India's Army by Major Donovan Jackson, republishied by Low Price Publications, 425 Nimri Colony, Delhi, 11052. ISBN 81-85557-79-9 Originally priced at Rs.60 (was sold at 50, there may be more copies available at the same bookstore). It is also distributed by DK agencies (they are on the web and accept credit cards). The original publicaiton in England was in 1940

I bought it on my recent visit to iindia and Bangalore at Blossom Books tore on Church st (behind Mahatma Gandhi Blvd).

It is a virtual treasure house of pictures and data on every page with a painstakingly compiled index of regiments (invaluble for a historian). thr original book had 584 pages which have been reformated into 1/4 size. The narrative ends at the outbreak of WW II.

The book is not under copyright restrictions (at least none are mentioned anywhere and as time permits i will post selected pages at my site indicstudies.us/History/Indian Armed Forces)

The Indian Army by Boris Mollo , Blandford Press, poole, Dorset, 1981, ISBN 0-7137-1074-8. .

This is also a beautifully produced book with extra thick archival quality paper, and with a lot of paintings(watercolor/oil renderings) in color as well las photographs . I acquired this in a bookstore in Carmel, a fancy upscale town near the SF Bay area . Definitely worth owning.

A version of the following was published in the "Journal of The Orders and Medals Society of America" in the issue marked January-February 1996, Vol.47 No.1
ABBREVIATIONS FOUND ON BRITISH MEDALS
by Richard A. Fikentscher

     There was a time when the sun never set on the British Empire, and native military and police units spanned the globe from the Bahamas to the Far East.  For the collector of British Medals this means there are plenty of interesting, exotic, or just plain offbeat areas to explore, but it can also be confusing.  A lot of new collectors are discovering medals with what looks like alphabet soup for a unit name.  For example: S.I.Ry.Vol.RF.--which translates as South India Railway Volunteer Rifles.
     Below is a short list of abbreviations found on medals issued to native troops by the British Army. I hope it may be of some help to the youngsters and oldsters out there who have been scratching their heads trying to decipher that odd British medal that has been tucked away in the back of the
case. This list is by no means complete---let's just call it a teaser!

A.B.C.---Army Bearer Corps
A.F.I.------Auxiliary Forces ,India
Assam M.P.(A.M.P.)---Assam Military Police
Assam V.L.H.(A.V.L.H.)---Assam Valley Light Horse
B.M.R.----Burma Militia Rifles/regt.
B.M.P.----Burma Military Police
B.M.D.----Burma Medical Dept.
B.E.D.----Burma Excise Dept.(the TAX collectors)
Bo.Grds./Grnds.----Bombay Grenadiers
Bo.M.D.----Bombay Medical Dept.
Bo.N.I.----Bombay Native Infantry
Bo.CMT.Dept---Bombay Commisariat Dept.
Bo. S.& M.----Bombay Sappers and Miners
Br.Coy.----Bearer Company
B.L.H.----Behar Light Horse
D.C.O.Lancers----Duke of Connaught's Own Lancers
E.B.S.R.V.R.---East Bengal State Railway Volunteer Rifles/Regt.
Eur.Fus.---European Fusileers
B.S.A.Co.P.----British South African Company Police
B.B.Police----Beuchanaland Border Police
E.A.P.----East African Police
B.M.R.----Border Mounted Rifles
N.W.F.P.---North West Frontier Police
A.P.Dept.---Army Paymasters Dept.
C.L.I.----Ceylon Light Infantry
A.H.C.---Army Hospital Corps
P.L.H.---Punjab Light Horse
E.I.Ry.R.---East India Railway Regt.
F.C.----Frontier Constabulary
F.F.R.---Frontier Force Rifles/Regt.
F.G.A.---Frontier Garrision Artillery
R.G.R.----Royal Gurkha Rifles/Regt.(the 5th Gurkhas)
G.R.-------Gurkha Rifles/regt.
G.T.R.---Gurkha Transport Regt.
H.E.I.C.---Honorable East India Company
I.A.C.C.---Indian Army Corps of Clerks
I.A.O.C.---Indian Army Ordinance Corps
I.A.R.O.---Indian Army Reserve of Officers
I.D.F.-----Indian Defense Forces
I.E.M.E.---Indian Electrical and Mechanical Engineers
I.M.L.----Indian Misc.List
I.M.D.-----Indian Medical Dept.
I.M.Ry.---Indian Military Railways
I.M.S.---Indian Medical Service
I.M.W.S.--Indian Military Works Services
I.P.S.---Indian Postal Service
I.A.S.C./I.S.C.-----Indian Army Service Corps/Indian Service Corps
I.S.M.D.----Indian Subordinate Medical Dept.
I.U.L.---Indian Un-attached List
I.W.T.---Inland Water Transport
L.C.----Labour Corps
M.E.S.-----Military Engineering Services
M.F.D.-----Military Farms Dept.
M.N.I.-------Madras Native Infantry
M.P.B.-----Madras/Military Police Battalion
P.C.&C.D.---Port Conservation & Construction Dept.
R.I.M./R.I.M.S.----Royal Indian Marine(service).....The Indian Navy
S.I.Ry.Vol.R.----South India Railway Volunteer Regt/rfls
U.B.Batt.-----Upper Burma Battalion
Z.M.----Zhob Militia
V.R.B.G.----Vice-Roys Body Guard
N.W.Ry.Bn.----North West Railway Battalion
E.B.Ry.Bn.----East Bengal Railway Battalion
PJB./PJBIS./PJBS.-----Punjab Units
S.F.------State Forces
Ry.Bn.S.&M.----Railway Battalion Sappers & Miners
Mtn.Bty.----Mountain Battery
A.B.Ry.Bn.---Assam-Bengal Railway Battalion
B.-N.Rlwy.Bn.----Bengal-Nagpur Railway Battalion
B.C.C.---Bikanir Camel Corps
B.B.&C.I.Rlwy.Regt.------Bombay,Baroda&Central India Railway Regt.
B.Rlwy.Vol.Corps-----Burma Railway Volunteer Corps
G.I.P.Rlwy.Bn.------Greater Indian Peninsula Railways Battalion
K.C.C.---Khaipur Camel Corps
K.G.F.Bn.----Kolar Gold Fields Battalion
M.&S.M.Ry.Rif.----Madras & Southern Mahratta Railway Battalion
U.P.P.----Upper/United Provinces Pol
C.I.H.--Central India Horse
RMT.Dept.----Remount Dept.
N.B.M.Rif.---North Bengal Mounted Rifles
L.T.Corps----Lamd Transport Corps
O.&R.Rlwy.Vol.Rif.----Oudh & Rohilkund Railway Volunteer Rifles
So.Pro.Mtd.Rif.----Southern Provinces Mounted Rifles
S.C.Corps---Sudan Camel Corps
P.P.---Punjab Police
P.P.---Palestine Police
S.&T.Corps------Supply & Transport Corps

               These abbreviations are taken mainly from actual medals. There is a variation in the usage of the abbreviations used, mainly to the clerk filling out the requests for the medals and how he understood what was written on the orders.

Sources of Info:
                 "The Indian Army," by Boris Mollo
                 "Military Badges of the British Empire 1914-18, by Reginald H.W. Cox
                 Assorted Auction Listings
                 And various medals in private collections


 

Indian Armed Forces

 

Indian Army

References on the British Indian Army

http://theminiaturespage.com/boards/msg.mv?id=97077

"Below are a few books that deal with the Indian Army pre-mutiny. At first I was going to list only general works on the Indian Army, but others (on the Colonial Yahoo group) mentioned Sita Ram and Hervey, so I thought I would include some memoirs; and then I was undecided whether or not to include some contemporary histories, so-I have included most of the general works I have on the Indian Army, most of the memoirs and biographies I have of soldiers who served in India before the Mutiny, and some books about the wars in India pre-mutiny that were written about the time of the wars (say 18th and very early 19th centuries). I also have a number of books in pdf file of 18th and early century wars in India (mostly Tipoo Sultan) that I got through the estimable Andrew Preziosi but that I haven't yet cataloged. Anyway, here is the partial list:


Allen, Charles "Soldier Sahibs"

Anglesey, the Marquess of "Sergeant Pearman's Memoirs"
Ed.

Barat, Dr. Amiya "The Bengal Native Infantry: Its Organization and Discipline, 1796-1852"

Beaumont, Roger "Sword of the Raj: The British Army in India 1747-1947"

Bidwell, Shelford "Swords for Hire: European Mercenaries in Eighteenth Century India"

Butalia, Brig. R.C. "The Evolution of the Artillery in India From the Battle of Plassey to the Revolt of 1857"

Cambridge, Richard Owen "An Account of the War in India Between the English and French on the Coast of Coromandel, From the Year 1750 to the Year 1761"

Cardew, Lt. F.G. "Sketch of the Services of the Bengal Native Army to the Year 1895"

Grey, C. "European Adventurers of Northern India: 1785 to 1849"

Heathcote, T.A. "The Indian Army: The Garrison of British Imperial India 1822-1922"

Hervey, Capt. A. "A Soldier of the Company: Life of an Indian Ensign"

Hughes, Maj. Gen. B.P. "The Bengal Horse Artillery 1800-1861: The Red Men"

James, Lawrence "Raj: The Making and Unmaking of British India"

Lawford, James "Britain's Army in India from its Origins to the Conquest of Bengal"

Leslie, N.B. "The Battle Honours of the British and Indian Armies"

Mason, Philip "A Matter of Honour: An Account of the Indian Army, its Officers and Men"

Mollo, Boris "The Indian Army"

Orme, Robert "A History of Military Transactions of the British Nation in Indostan from the Year 1745"

Rait, Robert "The Life and Campaigns of Hugh, First Viscount Gough, Field Marshall"

Ram, Sita "From Sepoy to Subedar"

Roberts, Earl "Forty-one Years in India"

Thorn, Maj. William "Memoir of the War in India Conducted by General Lord Lake, Commander in Chief, and Major General Sir Arthur Wellesley, Duke of Wellington form its Commencement in 1803 to its termination in 1806"

Weller, Jac "Wellington in India"

Williams, Capt. John "The Bengal Native Infantry: A Historical Account from Its First Formation in 1757 to 1796, with Supplementary Notes to the Year 1814"


There are also a few available on the native Indian armies (Sikhs, Marathas, etc. that I haven't included because it seems to be outside the question that was asked. I could supply a list of those also if there is any interest.

"If the wind is not against you, it is not blowing."

Dennis

Dennis, a couple on that list to especially recommend are Hughes'The Red Men' and Shelford Bidwell's 'Swords for Hire'. The latter is a very good read on an interesting time – collapse of the Mughals, but before real assumption of control by the Brits.

John

Books I  own

1. India's Army by Major Donovan Jackson, republishied by Low Price Publications, 425 Nimri Colony, Delhi, 11052. ISBN 81-85557-79-9 Originally priced at Rs.60 (was sold at 50, there may be more copies available at the same bookstore). It is also distributed by DK agencies (they are on the web and accept credit cards). The original publicaiton in England was in 1940

I bought it on my recent visit to iindia and Bangalore at Blossom Books tore on Church st (behind Mahatma Gandhi Blvd).

It is a virtual treasure house of pictures and data on every page with a painstakingly compiled index of regiments (invaluble for a historian). thr original book had 584 pages which have been reformated into 1/4 size. The narrative ends at the outbreak of WW II.

The book is not under copyright restrictions (at least none are mentioned anywhere and as time permits i will post selected pages at my site indicstudies.us/History/Indian Armed Forces)

The Indian Army by Boris Mollo , Blandford Press, poole, Dorset, 1981, ISBN 0-7137-1074-8. .

This is also a beautifully produced book with extra thick archival quality paper, and with a lot of paintings(watercolor/oil renderings) in color as well las photographs . I acquired this in a bookstore in Carmel, a fancy upscale town near the SF Bay area . Definitely worth owning.

A version of the following was published in the "Journal of The Orders and Medals Society of America" in the issue marked January-February 1996, Vol.47 No.1
ABBREVIATIONS FOUND ON BRITISH MEDALS
by Richard A. Fikentscher

     There was a time when the sun never set on the British Empire, and native military and police units spanned the globe from the Bahamas to the Far East.  For the collector of British Medals this means there are plenty of interesting, exotic, or just plain offbeat areas to explore, but it can also be confusing.  A lot of new collectors are discovering medals with what looks like alphabet soup for a unit name.  For example: S.I.Ry.Vol.RF.--which translates as South India Railway Volunteer Rifles.
     Below is a short list of abbreviations found on medals issued to native troops by the British Army. I hope it may be of some help to the youngsters and oldsters out there who have been scratching their heads trying to decipher that odd British medal that has been tucked away in the back of the
case. This list is by no means complete---let's just call it a teaser!

A.B.C.---Army Bearer Corps
A.F.I.------Auxiliary Forces ,India
Assam M.P.(A.M.P.)---Assam Military Police
Assam V.L.H.(A.V.L.H.)---Assam Valley Light Horse
B.M.R.----Burma Militia Rifles/regt.
B.M.P.----Burma Military Police
B.M.D.----Burma Medical Dept.
B.E.D.----Burma Excise Dept.(the TAX collectors)
Bo.Grds./Grnds.----Bombay Grenadiers
Bo.M.D.----Bombay Medical Dept.
Bo.N.I.----Bombay Native Infantry
Bo.CMT.Dept---Bombay Commisariat Dept.
Bo. S.& M.----Bombay Sappers and Miners
Br.Coy.----Bearer Company
B.L.H.----Behar Light Horse
D.C.O.Lancers----Duke of Connaught's Own Lancers
E.B.S.R.V.R.---East Bengal State Railway Volunteer Rifles/Regt.
Eur.Fus.---European Fusileers
B.S.A.Co.P.----British South African Company Police
B.B.Police----Beuchanaland Border Police
E.A.P.----East African Police
B.M.R.----Border Mounted Rifles
N.W.F.P.---North West Frontier Police
A.P.Dept.---Army Paymasters Dept.
C.L.I.----Ceylon Light Infantry
A.H.C.---Army Hospital Corps
P.L.H.---Punjab Light Horse
E.I.Ry.R.---East India Railway Regt.
F.C.----Frontier Constabulary
F.F.R.---Frontier Force Rifles/Regt.
F.G.A.---Frontier Garrision Artillery
R.G.R.----Royal Gurkha Rifles/Regt.(the 5th Gurkhas)
G.R.-------Gurkha Rifles/regt.
G.T.R.---Gurkha Transport Regt.
H.E.I.C.---Honorable East India Company
I.A.C.C.---Indian Army Corps of Clerks
I.A.O.C.---Indian Army Ordinance Corps
I.A.R.O.---Indian Army Reserve of Officers
I.D.F.-----Indian Defense Forces
I.E.M.E.---Indian Electrical and Mechanical Engineers
I.M.L.----Indian Misc.List
I.M.D.-----Indian Medical Dept.
I.M.Ry.---Indian Military Railways
I.M.S.---Indian Medical Service
I.M.W.S.--Indian Military Works Services
I.P.S.---Indian Postal Service
I.A.S.C./I.S.C.-----Indian Army Service Corps/Indian Service Corps
I.S.M.D.----Indian Subordinate Medical Dept.
I.U.L.---Indian Un-attached List
I.W.T.---Inland Water Transport
L.C.----Labour Corps
M.E.S.-----Military Engineering Services
M.F.D.-----Military Farms Dept.
M.N.I.-------Madras Native Infantry
M.P.B.-----Madras/Military Police Battalion
P.C.&C.D.---Port Conservation & Construction Dept.
R.I.M./R.I.M.S.----Royal Indian Marine(service).....The Indian Navy
S.I.Ry.Vol.R.----South India Railway Volunteer Regt/rfls
U.B.Batt.-----Upper Burma Battalion
Z.M.----Zhob Militia
V.R.B.G.----Vice-Roys Body Guard
N.W.Ry.Bn.----North West Railway Battalion
E.B.Ry.Bn.----East Bengal Railway Battalion
PJB./PJBIS./PJBS.-----Punjab Units
S.F.------State Forces
Ry.Bn.S.&M.----Railway Battalion Sappers & Miners
Mtn.Bty.----Mountain Battery
A.B.Ry.Bn.---Assam-Bengal Railway Battalion
B.-N.Rlwy.Bn.----Bengal-Nagpur Railway Battalion
B.C.C.---Bikanir Camel Corps
B.B.&C.I.Rlwy.Regt.------Bombay,Baroda&Central India Railway Regt.
B.Rlwy.Vol.Corps-----Burma Railway Volunteer Corps
G.I.P.Rlwy.Bn.------Greater Indian Peninsula Railways Battalion
K.C.C.---Khaipur Camel Corps
K.G.F.Bn.----Kolar Gold Fields Battalion
M.&S.M.Ry.Rif.----Madras & Southern Mahratta Railway Battalion
U.P.P.----Upper/United Provinces Pol
C.I.H.--Central India Horse
RMT.Dept.----Remount Dept.
N.B.M.Rif.---North Bengal Mounted Rifles
L.T.Corps----Lamd Transport Corps
O.&R.Rlwy.Vol.Rif.----Oudh & Rohilkund Railway Volunteer Rifles
So.Pro.Mtd.Rif.----Southern Provinces Mounted Rifles
S.C.Corps---Sudan Camel Corps
P.P.---Punjab Police
P.P.---Palestine Police
S.&T.Corps------Supply & Transport Corps

               These abbreviations are taken mainly from actual medals. There is a variation in the usage of the abbreviations used, mainly to the clerk filling out the requests for the medals and how he understood what was written on the orders.

Sources of Info:
                 "The Indian Army," by Boris Mollo
                 "Military Badges of the British Empire 1914-18, by Reginald H.W. Cox
                 Assorted Auction Listings
                 And various medals in private collections